Federal Corruption Statutes

The basic Federal anti-corruption statutes are listed below:

18 USC § 666   effectively makes state and local bribery a federal crime, by outlawing bribes related to entities that annually receive at least $10,000 in federal program benefits.  Since it is hard to imagine a state or local entity that doesn’t receive federal funding, the statute’s reach is very broad.  The value of the bribe given or solicited must be at least $5,000 for the statute to apply.  In Sabri v. United States the Supreme Court held that there  need not be a nexus  between the bribe and the federal program:  Congress has the constitutional power to protect federal funds from dishonest local officials.  This means, for example, that  an official in a town that receives $10,000 in federal highway funds would  violate the statute if she solicits a $5,000 bribe in connection with issuing a completely unrelated zoning variance.  Thanks to this statute, plenty of local politicians have found themselves on the receiving end of a federal corruption indictment. 

18 USC § 1341 – Frauds and Swindles/ Mail Fraud

18 USC § 1343 Fraud by Wire, Radio, or Television

18 USC § 1346 – Definition of “scheme or artifice to defraud”

18 USC § 1951 – Interference with commerce by threats or violence